Writing classical argument essay

We all tend to perceive certain situations subjectively and passionately—particularly situations that involve us at a personal level. It truly isn't until her conclusion that she argues marriage is preferable to being single for "the majority of people.

aristotelian argument

Make a Conclusion The conclusion of your argumentative essay should serve one purpose: to convince your readers once again to adopt your opinion on that matter. Show that the opposition has merits but is outweighed by other considerations. Clear and sound logic works better in this case — by methodically presenting your arguments you will create a complete picture and win the virtual debate.

Classical argument essay example

Like a judge who must decide a case based on the law rather than on intuition, your teachers want to see that you can analyze an issue as "objectively" as possible. Introduce Your Evidence The keyword is "introduce. Emotional appeals can be used to persuade readers of the rightness of good causes or imperative action. More than society's messenger, more than a mirror of reality, the electronic communication media collect and concentrate the planet's woes and deliver them into our living rooms each night. Step back a little — look at the whole again. No matter how well you fine-tune the substance of your document, the tone that readers detect significantly influences how the message is perceived. What are the drawbacks of a democratic political system? Then you could address the "eye-for-an-eye" mentality that has characterized this problem. Make your argument even stronger by stating opposing points of view and refuting those points. Anderson Consulting's illegal cooking of the books at Enron, WorldCom's lying about a four-billion-dollar accounting error, Xerox's lying regarding a 6. It should have a topic sentence followed by as many objections as the writer can come up with. Stephen Toulmin, a s philosopher, came up with a courtroom model called the Toulmin system to evaluate his arguments. So considering the opposing viewpoints enables a good arguer to anticipate and respond to the objections that her or his position might raise, and defuse opposition before it gets started.

Of course, this tactic is effective only when you can indeed follow through and be as original as possible in your treatment of the subject. Attracts interest to the subject. Support each of these reasons with logic, examples, statistics, authorities, or anecdotes.

It has at least five parts: the introduction, narration, confirmation, refutation, and conclusion. Your first sentence should draw the reader in and get them interested about the topic you're writing about. The Classical Argument Adapted from Walter Beale, Real Writing, 2nd edition, One of the oldest organizing devices in rhetoric is the classical argument, which incorporates the five parts of a discourse that ancient teachers of rhetoric believed were necessary for persuasion, especially when the audience included a mixture of reactions from favorable to hostile.

This is also the part where the claim is elaborated. To achieve the non-threatening tone needed to diffuse emotional situations, avoid exaggerating your claims or using biased, emotional language.

Introduce the Topic Before attempting to convince readers to agree with your position on a subject, you may need to educate them about the topic.

Classical essay format

His dichotomizing—"You're either for me or against me"—and bandwagon appeals—"Everyone knows the Jews are inferior to true Germans"—helped instigate one of the darkest chapters in human history. Note, for example, that Senator McCain presents his argument in his first sentence: Mr. Be concise. Today's reader's are extremely skeptical--perhaps even jaded. Most academic readers are put off by zealous, emotional, or angry arguments. Are larger families happier? To persuade your audience to reconsider their beliefs, you must, as the writer of your argumentative paper, move them from one position to a different one. Outlining Your Paper The structure of a written argumentative essay stems from its objective. You will sabotage your hard-won persona as an informed and fair-minded thinker if you misrepresent your opponent's counterarguments. No matter how solid your evidence is for a particular claim, your readers may not agree with you if you sound sarcastic, condescending, or intolerant. Toulmin Strategy The Toulmin strategy is widely used in debates where the opponents categorically disagree with each other.
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The Classical Argument