Not all the ideas imported from the West by Western intruders or native Westernizers have been rejected. She offered her maidservant Hagar to Abraham with the hope that Hagar might conceive and bear the child of promise. Both parties in the case had the right to have a lawyer present, but the individual bringing the claim and the defendant usually presented their own cases.
The barbarians to the east and the south were polytheists and idolaters, offering no serious threat and no competition at all to Islam. An image of the Prophet Muhammad at the beginning of a book endows the volume with the highest form of blessing and sanctity.
It inspired a great civilization in which others besides Muslims lived creative and useful lives and which, by its achievement, enriched the whole world. Sunnis make up nearly 90 percent of Muslims worldwide. The problem is that the Qur'an teaches that Ishmael was the child of promise Sura ; compare Sura with Genesis and so Muslims believe that God's covenant promises were meant for Ishmael's descendants, not Isaac's.
These manuscripts say that the early history of the Koranic texts is much more of an open question than many have suspected: the text was less stable, and therefore had less authority, than has always been claimed.
Another reason for this relative lack of concern for the 50 million or more Muslims under Soviet rule may be a calculation of risk and advantage. Mohammed's whole movement took on the character of religious militarism.
The Battle of Akroinona decisive Byzantine victory, was during the final campaign of the Umayyad dynasty. These portrayals, while somewhat rare, are not unheard of as there were and still are many different attitudes toward depicting the Prophet, and humans in general, in the Islamic world.
Recent surveys have found that in countries with high Muslim populations, the majority of Muslims have overwhelmingly negative views of terrorist groups like ISIS.