How to write a java interface

java interface vs abstract class

Created by Jeff Friesen for JavaWorld. Otherwise, the compiler will throw an error. Java Interface Example In this example, the Printable interface has only one method, and its implementation is provided in the A6 class.

It is up to the classes implementing the interface to specify an implementation. The auto manufacturers must publish an industry-standard interface that spells out in detail what methods can be invoked to make the car move any car, from any manufacturer.

You do not need to use the abstract keyword while declaring an interface. Listing 3 presents a class that implements Listing 2's Drawable interface. Consider Listing 1.

Java interface variables

You don't need to know exactly what class a given object is of, as long as you know what interface it implements. Java Interface Example In this example, the Printable interface has only one method, and its implementation is provided in the A6 class. Look at this simple class diagram: Two parallel class hierarchies used in the same application. Extension is discussed later in this lesson. It is necessary that the class must implement all the methods declared in the interfaces. As well as providing a constructor and suitable getter methods, Circle implements the Drawable interface by appending implements Drawable to the Circle header, and by overriding as indicated by the Override annotation Drawable's draw method header. I have explained functional interfaces in my Java functional interface tutorial , which is part of my Java Functional Programming Tutorial. Created by Jeff Friesen for JavaWorld. This naming convention is known as CamelCasing. By thinking of Circle and Rectangle as Drawables, you can leverage an array and a simple loop to simplify the code. To understand the concept of Java Interface better, let see an example. The implementation in the class takes precedence over any default implementations. Interfaces and Inheritance It is possible for a Java interface to inherit from another Java interface, just like classes can inherit from other classes. Methods in an interface are implicitly public.

In fact, each group considers its software highly proprietary and reserves the right to modify it at any time, as long as it continues to adhere to the published interface. It provides total abstraction; means all the methods in an interface are declared with the empty body, and all the fields are public, static and final by default.

Rated 9/10 based on 40 review
Download
How to Write an Interface