Conclusion of cloning

how to clone someone

Her grieving parents, distraught over their tragic loss, request that the embryo be implanted so that they may have another child. What makes EssayMasters. As a result, the threat to levy fines on or otherwise punish those who clone often would not serve as a deterrent. It is currently the subject of much debate around the world, involving a variety of ethical, religious, societal, scientific, and medical issues.

Our report differs in this respect from the last major report on the topic in the United States, Cloning Human Beings, a report developed by the National Bioethics Advisory Commission [ 1 ].

Benefits of cloning

Participants in any human cloning research efforts require full protection as human research participants, although it should be noted that, as with fetal surgery, this protection cannot be extended fully to the cloned fetus. The United States can do a great deal to either reinforce or else undermine [what constitutes acceptable scientific and medical research]. It is this unregulated gene activity that should caution scientists to reconsider the procedures and plans that they have for cloning. We employ approximately writers who have all sorts of qualifications, and our company is constantly expanding. In this case, the goal is to harvest stem cells that can be used to study human development and to treat disease. But we do believe that a request from Congress or the Executive Branch for a panel of experts to study the matter and report its findings and recommendations publicly would probably be useful. It is probable that at least every 5 years there will be significant new information regarding the issues of the safety and applicability of human cloning to medical practice. After carefully considering the issues raised, we conclude that the case has not been proved that human reproductive cloning would lead to fewer negative outcomes at this time than reproductive cloning of other mammals. Components of the egg cell called mitochondria contain their own DNA; thus, provided that the egg cell donor and the donor of DNA are different individuals, a human clone would not be wholly identical in the genetic sense to his or her progenitor.

It is this unregulated gene activity that should caution scientists to reconsider the procedures and plans that they have for cloning. Some organizations have already announced their intention to clone humans, and many of the reproductive technologies needed are widely accessible in private fertility clinics that are not subject to federal regulations.

Cloning essay

These medical and scientific findings lead us to conclude that the procedures are now unsafe for humans. The questions arising from reproductive cloning are seemingly endless. They reject outright what they regard as the exploitation and the instrumentalization of nascent human life. Key Concepts Cloning is a process that creates a genetic replica of an organism. It is currently the subject of much debate around the world, involving a variety of ethical, religious, societal, scientific, and medical issues. Finding 2: Data on the reproductive cloning of animals through the use of nuclear transplantation technology demonstrate that only a small percentage of attempts are successful; that many of the clones die during gestation, even in late stages; that newborn clones are often abnormal or die; and that the procedures may carry serious risks for the mother. The scientific and medical considerations related to this ban should be reviewed within 5 years. For example, scientists would likely learn some very valuable information about the environmental contributions to cancer by administering known carcinogens to a group of people and then varying factors such as diet and sun exposure. This technology has been around since the s and is a common practice in molecular biology labs today. It is important to understand that there are three types of cloning: 1 recombinant DNA technology, 2 reproductive cloning, and 3 therapeutic cloning. Thus, cloning may be ethically permissible in certain contexts. Many attempts result in failure and lead to miscarriage, innumerable abortions, and births of massively deformed offspring. Finally, it is important to recognize that although research on human embryos is widely accepted in the event that it may afford therapeutic benefit to the embryo, so-called "therapeutic" cloning is in no way beneficial to the embryo. In addition, a substantial majority of surviving cloned animals has had severe birth defects.

The painful lessons of the past should have taught us that human beings must not be conscripted for research without their permission--no matter what the alleged justification--especially when that research means the forfeiture of their health or lives.

Finding 3: At least three criteria would have to be fulfilled before the safety of human reproductive cloning could be established: The procedures for animal reproductive cloning would have to be improved to such an extent that the levels of observed abnormalities in cloned animals, including nonhuman primates, were no more than that seen with existing human assisted reproductive technology ART procedures.

reproductive cloning conclusion

Since Dolly, researchers have cloned goats, cows, mice, pigs, cats, rabbits, and a gaur an endangered species of wild ox.

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Human Cloning: The Need for a Comprehensive Ban